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Journal of Integrative Nursing ›› 2019, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (3): 151-156.doi: 10.35437/intnur.issn.2663-4481.2019.01.03.05

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Five-Tone Therapy Plus Head and Face Massage Relieves Insomnia of Patients with Heart and Spleen Deficiency

Ming-Hui MA, Hai-Yun GAI*, Ya-E NIE, Cai-Yun CUI, Zhen WANG   

  1. Department of Nursing, Xi'an Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Xi'an 710021, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2019-08-23 Revised:2019-10-30 Accepted:2019-11-16 Online:2019-11-15 Published:2019-12-13
  • Contact: Hai-Yun GAI, female, chief nurse, master's degree, master's tutor, Director of Nursing Department, Xi'an Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Xi’an 710021, China
  • Supported by:
    This study was approved by the Shaanxi Provincial Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for funding the project (15-LC053).


Objective: To explore the therapeutic effect of five-element music therapy based on syndrome differentiation plus head and face massage in relieving insomnia of patients with heart and spleen deficiency.  

Methods: Sixty patients with heart and spleen deficiency were divided into control group and test group, 30 cases each. The control group received routine treatment and nursing. The experimental group was given five-element music therapy plus head and face massage on the basis of the control group, once a day, 15 minutes/time, 5 times/week, and continuous observation for 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess sleep quality before and after intervention.

Results: After 30 days, the total effective rate of the experimental group was 86.67%, which was higher than the total effective rate of 76.67% in control group (P<0.05). There were significant differences in the time of sleep, sleep quality, sleep efficiency and PSQI score between the two groups (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Five-tone therapy based on syndrome differentiation combined with head and face massage can effectively improve the sleep quality of patients with heart and spleen deficiency, prolong sleep time, with no adverse reactions, so it is worthy of clinical application.