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Journal of Integrative Nursing ›› 2023, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 37-42.doi: 10.4103/jin.jin_89_22

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Influence of cultural factors on choice of childbirth place among women in Oyigbo Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria

Ngozi Afulenu OBIKA‑NDIRI1, Chizoma Millicent NDIKOM1,2, Ogochukwu Immaculate OBIKA3, Omineokuma Tubonemi ASEMINASO1   

  1. 1African Centre of Excellence for Public Health and Toxicological Research (Ace‑Putor), University of Port‑Harcourt, Port‑Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria; 2Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria; 3Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Received:2022-08-29 Revised:2022-12-26 Accepted:2023-01-17 Online:2023-03-31 Published:2023-03-31
  • Contact: Ms. Ogochukwu Immaculate OBIKA,Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria. E-mail:

Abstract: Objectives: This study aims to ascertain if cultural factors influence the childbirth place choice of women in Oyigbo.
Materials and Methods: The study used a cross-sectional study design using a self-structured questionnaire as the instrument to collect data from 384 volunteers through simple random sampling, and these data were analyzed using frequency and percentage for descriptive statistics while Chi-square was used for inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance.
Results: The influence of cultural factors such as family traditions (χ2 = 12.56, P = 0.006), beliefs (χ2 = 70.66, P = 0.000), lack of confidence in health facilities (χ2 = 367.83, P = 0.000), and the presence of male skilled birth attendants (χ2 = 50.85, P = 0.000) were statistically significant to the choice of childbirth place, while patriarchal system (χ2 = 2.99, P = 0.393) was not statistically significant to the choices of childbirth places of women in Oyigbo. Religion had a statistically significant influence on childbirth place (χ2 = 125.46, P = 0.000).
Conclusion: This study shows that religious and cultural factors have a significant influence on the childbirth place choices of women in Oyigbo Local Government Area of Rivers State.

Key words: Birthplace, childbirth, cultural factors, maternal mortality, Oyigbo, women's health