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Table of Content
31 March 2020, Volume 2 Issue 1
    Studies of nursing in acute mastitis in China: Bibliometric analysis
    Hui JU, Ling TANG, Hong GUO
    2020, 2(1):  1-6.  doi:10.4103/jin.jin_1_20
    Abstract ( 295 )   PDF (737KB) ( 427 )  
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    Objective: To analyze the research hotspots of nursing related to lactation acute mastitis in China and provide guidance and reference for nursing researchers.

    Methods: Papers from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, VIP Data, and SinoMed are collected. All papers were imported into Noteexpress software in the form of bibliography to check again and delete duplicate references. The remaining literature was screened by reading the title and abstract and finally included by reading the full text. The paper’s information was analyzed using SPSS 22.0.

    Results: 1275 papers are searched and 531 papers are included at last. Periodical literature accounted for the highest proportion, 96.80%. Moreover, the journal with the largest number of entries is China Health Care and Nutrition. In 2007, the number of literatures related to acute mastitis nursing began to increase rapidly, and the most articles were published in Henan. Among the literature types, the majority are literatures expert experience. Only 18 literature reports were funded.

    Conclusions: Papers on acute mastitis nursing are increasing year by year and gradually become a research hotspot. However, the development of this study is uneven in different regions, with little financial support, and randomized controlled trials are still to be carried out.

    Efficacy of compound Bai Yu San in treating diabetic skin ulcer
    Yun-Xia GE, Xiao-Rong LIU, Bei WANG, Yong ZHANG, Jia-Jia TONG, Dou-Dou LI
    2020, 2(1):  7-10.  doi:10.4103/jin.jin_7_20
    Abstract ( 192 )   PDF (586KB) ( 415 )  
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    Objective: To assess the efficacy of compound Bai Yu San (CBYS) as a new treatment option, in healing diabetic skin ulcer.

    Materials and Methods: A total of 64 diabetic patients with skin ulcer were enrolled and randomly assigned to experimental group (n = 33) and control group (n = 31). In the control group, normal saline (NS) was used to cleanse the wound. After debridement, the wound was dressed with modern materials. In the experimental group, the NS-cleansed wound was dressed with CBYS. The infection rate, healing rate, treatment cost, and patient satisfaction between the two groups were compared. Results: On the 35th day after treatment, the infection rate and healing rate showed no between-group difference (P > 0.05); the experimental group showed lower treatment cost and higher satisfaction than the control group (P < 0.05).

    Conclusion: As a new treatment option for diabetes-induced skin ulcer, CBYS can effectively control the infection, promote the healing, reduce treatment cost, and increase patient satisfaction. Dressing with CBYS can be clinically replicated in the treatment of diabetic skin ulcer.

    Evaluation and analysis of the effect of continuing education on nurses’ physical restraint knowledge, attitude, and behavior
    Luo YANG, Ling TANG, Hong GUO, Yan-Ling SHEN, Li LI, Qing-Xia LIU, Hai-Yan WANG, Yan-Juan LIU
    2020, 2(1):  11-17.  doi:10.4103/jin.jin_4_20
    Abstract ( 303 )   PDF (630KB) ( 377 )  
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    Objective: The objective of the study is to construct a training course for physical restraint (PR) evidence-based practice project and apply it to verify its effect.

    Methods: A total of 162 nurses from five departments of a general hospital in Beijing were trained to compare the PR knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of nurses before and after training.

    Results: The nurses were satisfied with the overall curriculum; the total scores of PR’ knowledge, attitude and behavior of nurses after training were higher than before, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); the total scores of nurses who received evidence-related training before this training were higher than those of nurses who did not receive relevant training, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).

    Conclusion: Continuing education can effectively improve nurses’ knowledge, attitude, and behavior level of PR, ensure patient safety, and promote physical and psychological rehabilitation of patients.

    The effects of enteral nutrition in the bowel preparation in patients with diabetes mellitus
    Xiu-Li OU, Yu-Zhen CHEN, Min ZHANG, Li-Zhen LYU
    2020, 2(1):  18-21.  doi:10.4103/jin.jin_2_20
    Abstract ( 244 )   PDF (582KB) ( 424 )  
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    Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of enteral nutrients in diabetic patients with fibrocolonoscopy.

    Materials and Methods: A total of 58 diabetic patients undergoing fibrocolonoscopy from January 2017 to December 2017 were included as the traditional bowel preparation group. The patients took traditional semi-flow diet and catharsis as intestinal preparation and were given health education. Sixty patients treated with fibrocolonoscopy from July to December in 2018 were included as the enteral nutrition group and received enteral nutrients and catharsis as intestinal preparation and were given modified health education. The incidence of hypoglycemia during intestinal preparation was compared between the two groups.

    Results: A total of 20 (34.48%) patients in the traditional bowel preparation group had hypoglycemia (including asymptomatic hypoglycemia) during bowel preparation, with the total frequency of 40. The blood glucose level fluctuated between 1.7 and 3.9 mmol/L. Only five patients in the enteral nutrition group had hypoglycemia (including asymptomatic hypoglycemia) during bowel preparation. The incidence of hypoglycemia was lower in the enteral nutrition group than that in the traditional bowel preparation group (χ2 = 4.937, P = 0.026).

    Conclusion: The enteral nutrients as diet for fibrocolonoscopy bowel preparation and strengthening health education could reduce the incidence of hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes during bowel preparation and ensure patient safety.

    Effect of moxibustion combined with five-element music therapy on postoperative pain relief after mixed hemorrhoid operation
    Li-Yuan WANG, Hai-Yun GAI, Yu WEN, Ming-Hui MA
    2020, 2(1):  22-26.  doi:10.4103/jin.jin_5_20
    Abstract ( 242 )   PDF (602KB) ( 491 )  
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    Objective: To investigate the effect of moxibustion combined with five-element music therapy on the postoperative pain relief of patients undergoing surgical operation for mixed hemorrhoid with damp-heat syndrome.

    Methods: Totally, 159 patients meeting the inclusion criteria were assigned to the control group, study group 1, and study group 2, with 53 cases in each group. All patients received routine care after surgical treatment, including acupoint application and Chinese herbal fumigation. In addition, patients in the study group 1 received moxibustion, and those in the study group 2 were given moxibustion combined with five-element music therapy. The degree of postoperative pain was evaluated using visual analog scale (VAS).

    Results: There was no significant difference in VAS score on pain during dressing changes among three groups (P > 0.05). After 3, 5, and 7 days of intervention, there was a significant difference in VAS score on pain at rest among three groups (P < 0.001), and VAS score in the study group 2 was lower than that in the study group 1 and the control group after 3 and 5 days of intervention, respectively (P < 0.05).

    Conclusion: Moxibustion combined with five-element music therapy is effective to relieve the postoperative pain of patients undergoing a surgical operation for mixed hemorrhoids with damp-heat syndrome.

    Home-based treatment and nursing plan of a patient diagnosed with mild-to-common coronavirus disease 2019
    Bing-Rui WEI, Dian Francis SAVELLANO, Cui-Huan HU
    2020, 2(1):  27-31.  doi:10.4103/jin.jin_8_20
    Abstract ( 312 )   PDF (767KB) ( 444 )  
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    To date, there are no known specific antiviral medicines recommended for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The treatment mainly focuses on the improvement of the immunity of the individual and the application of palliative treatment. A case of a patient diagnosed with mild COVID-19 and then later developed common COVID-19 which was treated and closely monitored at home will be presented. The patient was advised for self-quarantine with several prescribed medications. Nursing home and self-care advice were given to the patient, including a change of lifestyle for the duration of the isolation, medication advice, symptomatic care, change of diet, how to monitor the progress of the disease, psychological care, and follow-up instructions. During the course of the nursing plan, the patient showed significant improvements, and normal life functions were restored. On February 05, 2020, novel coronavirus nucleic acid test showed negative after re-examination; the patient was cured. Therefore, providing adequate nursing plan for home-based self-care treatment can effectively cure mild and common cases of COVID-19.